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Updated: 2 min 42 sec ago

Playing American football before age 12 could have long-term health effects

1 hour 1 min ago
Playing American football before the age of 12 may have long-term consequences for players' mood and behavior, according to a study involving 214 professional and amateur football players.

Exposure to pet and pest allergens during infancy linked to reduced asthma risk

1 hour 1 min ago
Children exposed to high indoor levels of pet or pest allergens during infancy have a lower risk of developing asthma by 7 years of age, new research reveals. The findings may provide clues for the design of strategies to prevent asthma from developing.

New treatment for osteoporosis provides better protection against fractures

2 hours 2 min ago
A new treatment for osteoporosis provides major improvements in bone density and more effective protection against fractures than the current standard treatment. This study is the first that compares the effect of two osteoporosis medicines on fractures.

Nanocapsules enable cell-inspired metabolic reactions

2 hours 2 min ago
Researchers have succeeded in developing capsules capable of producing the bio-molecule glucose-6-phosphate that plays an important role in metabolic processes. The researchers were able to produce the metabolite in conditions very similar to the biochemical reaction inside natural cells.

How eyes get clogged in glaucoma and how to free them

2 hours 12 min ago
Biologists have found an explanation for the increase in intraocular pressure in glaucoma and a promising therapeutic option to rejuvenate the eye.

Overcoming the brain's fortress-like barrier

2 hours 17 min ago
Scientists have helped provide a way to better understand how to enable drugs to enter the brain and how cancer cells make it past the blood brain barrier.

Changes in teenage parenthood

2 hours 17 min ago
The US birth rate hasn't changed for two generations of teenage girls, but other aspects of young parenthood are shifting, especially regarding young fathers.

The brain at work: Spotting half-hidden objects

2 hours 17 min ago
The human and non-human primate brain is remarkable in recognizing partially hidden objects. A study, conducted during a shape recognition task, shows as more of the shape is hidden, a brain area involved in cognition starts to sends signals to the visual cortex. The findings make the scientists wonder if this communication between different brain areas might be impaired in people with autism or Alzheimer's. Both conditions can cause confusion in cluttered surroundings and problems recognizing objects.

Students' self-concepts of ability in math, reading predict later math, reading attainment

2 hours 17 min ago
A new longitudinal study looked at how youths' self-concepts are linked to their actual academic achievement in math and reading from middle childhood to adolescence. The study found that students' self-concepts of their abilities in these two academic domains play an important role in motivating their achievements over time and across levels of achievement.

ADHD kids can be still, if they're not straining their brains

13 hours 4 min ago
Lack of motivation or boredom with school isn't to blame for squirming by children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Symptoms such as fidgeting, foot-tapping and chair-swiveling are triggered by cognitively demanding tasks - like school and homework. But movies and video games don't typically require brain strain, so the excessive movement doesn't manifest.

Taking a break from dieting may improve weight loss

13 hours 4 min ago
Avoiding continuous dieting may be the key to losing weight and keeping the kilos off, the latest research shows. Researchers showed in a randomized controlled trial, that taking a two-week break during dieting may improve weight loss.

Analyzing the language of color

18 hours 52 min ago
Languages tend to divide the "warm" part of the color spectrum into more color words, such as orange, yellow, and red, compared to the "cooler" regions, which include blue and green, cognitive scientists have found. This pattern, which they found across more than 100 languages, may reflect the fact that most objects that stand out in a scene are warm-colored, while cooler colors such as green and blue tend to be found in backgrounds, the researchers say.

Fake news more likely to thrive online due to lowered fact-checking

18 hours 52 min ago
Fake news is more likely to thrive online due to lowered fact-checking, according to new American research.

Blood tests: Sound waves separate biological nanoparticles for 'liquid biopsies'

18 hours 53 min ago
A prototype device developed by an international team of engineers can sift exceedingly tiny particles called exosomes from blood samples without having to send samples off to a lab. The device, which combines acoustic cell-sorting and microfluidic technologies, could be a boon to both scientific research and medical applications.

Urine output to disease: Study sheds light on the importance of hormone quality control

18 hours 53 min ago
A discovery about the endoplasmic reticulum in hormone-producing cells shed lights on water balance under normal physiology and could open doors to better understanding of diseases related to misfolded proteins.

Horses working in therapeutic riding programs do not experience additional stress

18 hours 53 min ago
In the US, therapeutic horseback riding offers equine-assisted therapy to diverse populations who have anxiety disorders. Veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder often are prescribed this type of therapy to cope with anxiety, but little is known about how these programs affect the stress levels in horses. Now, a study has revealed that horses ridden by veterans with PTSD did not have undue physiological stress responses while participating in a therapy program.

Potential pathway to treat flesh-eating bacteria

18 hours 53 min ago
Researchers have solved a 100-year-old mystery, providing them a possible key to unlock a pathway for treating diseases caused by flesh-eating bacteria. Medical researchers have found a critical target on which to focus for developing a potential Group A Streptococcus vaccine or antibiotic to fight it. By manipulating this target, they hope to either reduce the severity of these infections or clear them up faster.

Beta blockers not needed after heart attack if other medications taken

18 hours 53 min ago
Beta blockers are not needed after a heart attack if heart-attack survivors are taking ACE inhibitors and statins, new research suggests. The study is the first to challenge the current clinical guideline that heart-attack survivors should take all three drugs -- beta blockers, ACE inhibitors and statins -- for the rest of their lives.

New self-powered paper patch could help diabetics measure glucose during exercise

18 hours 53 min ago
A new paper-based sensor patch developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York could allow diabetics to effectively measure glucose levels during exercise.

Sex, aggression controlled separately in female animal brains, but overlap in male brains

19 hours 12 min ago
Brain structures that control sexual and aggressive behavior in mice are wired differently in females than in males, new research shows.

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